Apa Isi Dari Civil Affairs Agreement

The content of the civil agreement relates to Indonesia`s transfer regime from the United Kingdom to the Netherlands. 1. Transfer of Indonesian territory of the Indonesian force from the Japanese side to the Allies. The number of Japanese soldiers to be disarmed and detained in Sumatra, Java, Nusa Tenggara, Kalimantan, West Palpua, etc., reaches more than 300,000 people. After their dismissal, they will also be sent back to Japan. In addition, there are approximately 100,000 Allied prisoners and internees who must be released and returned to their respective countries. After the japanese surrendered on August 15, 1945, he had to abandon his occupied territories. This meant that the colonies originally conquered by the Westerners of the Allied bloc had to be restored. In fact, Western countries still have the right to continue to govern their colonies first. With regard to Indonesia in particular, the Dutch have been preparing for Indonesia`s renewal since April 1944. Since this month, the Dutch and British governments have been in talks in London and Kandy. The negotiations resulted in what is known as the civil agreement. The civil affairs agreement is the main determinant of the Indonesian revolutionary movement.

This agreement essentially instructed the Dutch army in Indonesia to clean up all remaining Indonesian troops for all Indonesian territories ceded to the Dutch. At least this agreement has caused several major incidents in Indonesia`s history, from the Battle of Surabaya, the Medan Area Battle, the Bandung Sea of Fire Event, the Battle of Ambarawa to the red and white event of Manado, in the second phase, after the situation has returned to normal, nica officials will take responsibility for the British representing the Allies. However, the agreement was not ratified until 24 August 1945 in London.