NAFTA has boosted Mexican agricultural exports to the United States, which have tripled since the pact was implemented. Hundreds of thousands of jobs in the automotive industry have also been created in the country and most studies [PDF] have found that the agreement has increased productivity and reduced consumer prices in Mexico. The political gap was particularly large in terms of views on free trade with Mexico. Contrary to a positive view of free trade with Canada, which 79% of Americans called fair trade partners, only 47% of Americans thought that Mexico practiced fair trade. The gap between Democrats and Republicans has widened: 60% of Democrats thought Mexico was fair trade, while only 28% of Republicans did. That was the highest number of Democrats and the lowest figure ever recorded by Republicans in the Chicago Council survey. Republicans had more negative views on Canada than fair trade partners and Democrats.  But other economists, including Gary Clyde Hufbauer and Cathleen Cimino-Isaacs of the Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE), have pointed out that increased trade brings benefits to the U.S. economy. Some jobs are lost because of imports, others are created and consumers benefit greatly from lower prices and often improved product quality. Your 2014 PIIE study on the impact of NAFTA revealed a net loss of about 15,000 jobs per year as a result of the pact – but gains of about $450,000 for each job lost, in the form of higher productivity and lower consumer prices.
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA); in Spanish: Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte, TLCAN; In French: North American Free Trade Agreement, ALNA) was an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico and the United States, creating a trilateral trade bloc in North America. The agreement came into force on January 1, 1994 and replaced the 1988 Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement.  The NAFTA trading bloc was one of the largest trading blocs in the world, after the proceeds of the home. From the beginning, critics of NAFTA feared that the agreement would result in a move of U.S. jobs to Mexico, despite additional NAALCs. NAFTA, for example, has affected thousands of U.S. auto workers in this way.
Many companies have relocated their production to Mexico and other countries where labour costs are lower. However, NAFTA may not be the source of these measures. President Donald Trump`s USMCA should allay those concerns. The White House estimates that the USMCA will create 600,000 jobs and increase the economy by $235 billion. The Free Trade Commission (FTC) is NAFTA`s most important body and oversees the performance and development of NAFTA. It is also responsible for dispute resolution and is composed of the U.S. Trade Representative, Canada`s Minister of International Trade and Mexico`s Minister of Trade and Industrial Development. The FTC`s day-to-day work is carried out by expert groups and committees. This authority was defined in section 2001, paragraph 2, of NAFTA, which expressly gave the FTC the power to work “of all the committees and working groups that are targeted at …
[NAFTA]… agreement.” The FTC also has, in Section 2001 (3), the power to “… Delegates, the non-governmental council… Groups and take… [unspecified] other actions “. These powers are applied annually at tripartite cabinet meetings, pursuant to Article 2001, or as part of a review of national judicial decisions on North American trade.